dr hab., prof. INE PAN Aleksander JAKIMOWICZ


Department of World Economy

Research interest:

complexity economics, econophysics, nonlinear dynamics, econometrics, economic methodology, energy transition, renewable energy, entropy, wicked problems


About me:

In my work, I have shown that as a result of the simultaneous operation of the law of progressive complexity and the principle of emergence, markets and economies tend spontaneously to a certain distinguished state called the edge of chaos. My current focus is on multidisciplinary issues related to renewable energy.

I regularly participate in scientific conferences organized by the Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology and Life Sciences (Pewaukee, WI, USA), the Polish Physical Society – Section Physics in Economics and Social Sciences (PESS), as well as the Congresses of Polish Economists organized by the Polish Economic Society. I am a long-time member of these scientific societies, and since 2014 I have served as a member of the Board of Directors of the PESS Section.

In 2004, for writing the book From Keynes to Chaos Theory. The Evolution of the Theory of Business Fluctuations, I received the Bank Handlowy in Warsaw SA Award for Outstanding Achievements in Theoretical Thought in the Sphere of Economics and Finance, known as the Polish Nobel Prize in Economics. I was also awarded a medal and the title of Most Famous Pole of the Year 2004. In 2022, the Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (Basel, Switzerland) awarded me the prize for the best article published in the scientific journal Entropy. The paper is titled as follows: The Role of Entropy in the Development of Economics.

Since 2020, I have been the Topic Editor of the scientific journal Sustainability, and in 2022 I became the Guest Editor of the special issue of Sustainable and Low Carbon Development in the Energy Sector of the scientific journal Energies.

I regularly give lectures and seminars at various scientific institutions, where I present the results of my latest research.


Monographs and books

  1. Jakimowicz, A. (2016). Nowa ekonomia. Systemy złożone i homo compositus [The New Economics. Complex systems and homo compositus]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, Poland., pp. 260.
  2. Jakimowicz, A. (2012). Podstawy interwencjonizmu państwowego. Historiozofia ekonomii [Foundations of state interventionism. Philosophy of economics history]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Seria: „Współczesna Ekonomia”, Warszawa, Poland., pp. 542.
  3. Jakimowicz, A. (2012). Od Keynesa do teorii chaosu. Ewolucja teorii wahań koniunkturalnych [From Keynes to chaos theory. The evolution of the theory of business fluctuations]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Seria: „Współczesna Ekonomia”, Warszawa, Poland, pp. 438 (Original work published 2003).
  4. Jakimowicz, A. (Ed.). (2012). Modele i prognozy w ekonomii i finansach [Models and forecasts in economics and finance]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Warszawa, Poland, pp. 210.
  5. Jakimowicz, A. (2010). Źródła niestabilności struktur rynkowych [Sources of instability of market structures]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, seria „Współczesna Ekonomia”, Warszawa, pp. 330.
  6. Jakimowicz, A. (2005). Od Keynesa do teorii chaosu. Ewolucja teorii wahań koniunkturalnych [From Keynes to chaos theory. The evolution of the theory of business fluctuations]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Seria: „Współczesna Ekonomia”, Warszawa, pp. 440 (Original work published 2003).
  7. Jakimowicz, A. (2003). Od Keynesa do teorii chaosu. Ewolucja teorii wahań koniunkturalnych [From Keynes to chaos theory. The evolution of the theory of business fluctuations]. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Seria: „Współczesna Ekonomia”, Warszawa, pp. 440.
  8. Jakimowicz, A. (1991). Analiza porównawcza teorii cyklu koniunkturalnego w ujęciu J.M. Keynesa i P.A. Samuelsona [A comparative analysis of J.M. Keynes’ and P.A. Samuelson’s business cycle theories]. Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń, pp. 80.

Papers in scientific journals

  1. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2021). The impact of public administration digitalization on the decarbonization of the economy. Energies, 14(18), 5739:1–5739:45. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14185739
  2. Jakimowicz, A. (2020). The role of entropy in the development of economics. Entropy, 22(4), 452:1–452:25. https://doi.org/10.3390/e22040452
  3. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2021). New measure of economic development based on the four-colour theorem. Entropy, 23(1), 61:1–61:30. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010061
  4. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2020). Innovativeness of industrial processing enterprises and conjunctural movement. Entropy, 22(10), 1177:1–1177:33. https://doi.org/10.3390/e22101177
  5. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2019). Firm ownership and size versus innovation activities over the business cycle: near-zero inertia as a sign of the transition from the fifth to the sixth Kondratieff wave. Oeconomia Copernicana, 10(4), 689–741. https://doi.org/10.24136/oc.2019.033
  6. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2019). Do barriers to innovation impact changes in innovation activities of firms during business cycle? The effect of the Polish Green Island. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 14(4), 631–676. https://doi.org/10.24136/eq.2019.030
  7. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2019). Diversification of innovation strategies of Polish industrial processing enterprises depending on their size after the global financial crisis. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation, 15(4), 35–76. https://doi.org/10.7341/20191542
  8. Jakimowicz, A. (2018). Econophysics as a cause of a scientific revolution in mainstream economics. Acta Physica Polonica A, 133(6), 1339–1346. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.133.1339
  9. Jakimowicz, A., & Baklarz, A.A. (2018). Determinants of mass poverty in the contemporary global economy. Acta Physica Polonica A, 133(6), 1388–1393. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.133.1388
  10. Jakimowicz, A., Baklarz, A.A., & Smulska, K. (2018). Impact of the secondary insider trading on financial markets. Acta Physica Polonica A, 133(6), 1394–1401. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.133.1394
  11. Jakimowicz, A., & Kulesza, S. (2018). The mechanism of transformation of global business cycles into dynamics of regional real estate markets. Acta Physica Polonica A, 133(6), 1351–1361. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.133.1351
  12. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2018). Application of the four colour theorem to identify spatial regional poles and turnpikes of economic growth. Acta Physica Polonica A, 133(6), 1362–1370. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.133.1362
  13. Jakimowicz, A., & Nieżurawski, L. (2018). Book review: Directions of development of public administration in Poland. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation, 14(3), 159–167. https://doi.org/10.7341/20181437
  14. Jakimowicz, A. (2016). Econophysics as a new school of economic thought: Twenty years of research. Acta Physica Polonica A, 129(5), 897–907. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.129.897
  15. Jakimowicz, A. (2016). Fundamental sources of economic complexity. International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, 17(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijnsns-2014-0085
  16. Jakimowicz, A., & Baklarz, A. (2016). Identification of insider trading using network numerical models. Acta Physica Polonica A, 129(5), 980–985. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.129.980
  17. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2016). Prosumption in the public administration sector. Acta Physica Polonica A, 129(5), 1011–1017. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.129.1011
  18. Jakimowicz, A. (2015). Path dependence in neoclassical economic growth theory. Acta Physica Polonica A, 127(3A), A86–A94. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.127.A-86
  19. Jakimowicz, A., & Juzwiszyn, J. (2015). Balance in the turbulent world of economy. Acta Physica Polonica A, 127(3A), A78–A85. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.127.A-78
  20. Jakimowicz, A. (2013). Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Theory and Economic Complexity, “Chaotic Modeling and Simulation. An International Journal of Nonlinear Science”, No. 4, 657–667. https://www.cmsim.eu/October_2013_issue.html
  21. Jakimowicz, A. (2013). Characteristics of Complexity in Selected Economic Models in the Light of Nonlinear Dynamics, “Acta Physica Polonica A”, 123(3), 542–546. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.123.542
  22. Jakimowicz, A (2012). Stability of the Cournot-Nash Equilibrium in Standard Oligopoly, “Acta Physica Polonica A”, 121(2-B), B50–B53. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.121.B-50
  23. Jakimowicz, A., & Juzwiszyn, J. (2012). Vortex Stabilization of Market Equilibrium in Theory and in Practice of Economics, “Acta Physica Polonica A”, 121(2-B), B54–B60. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.121.B-54
  24. Jakimowicz, A. (2010). Catastrophes and Chaos in Business Cycle Theory, “Acta Physica Polonica A”, 117(4), 640–646. https://doi.org/10.12693/APhysPolA.117.640
  25. Jakimowicz, A. (2010). Numerical Explorations of R.M. Goodwin’s Business Cycle Model, „Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences”, 14(1), 69–83. https://www.societyforchaostheory.org/ndpls/
  26. Jakimowicz, A. (2009). Interdisciplinary Matrix in Economics: Two Applications to the Transition from Socialism to Capitalism, „Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences”, 13(4), 393–421. https://www.societyforchaostheory.org/ndpls/

Chapters in books

  1. Jakimowicz, A. (2013). Chaotic financial tornadoes. In S.G. Stavrinides, S. Banerjee, S.H. Caglar, M. Ozer (Eds.), Chaos and Complex Systems. Springer Complexity (pp. 395–398). Springer-Verlag, Berlin. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-33914-1_54
  2. Jakimowicz, A., & Rzeczkowski, D. (2021). Municipality digital platforms and local development in the Warmia and Mazury Region: Implications for smart specialization. In M. Gancarczyk, A. Ujwary-Gil, & M. González-López (Eds.), Partnerships for regional innovation and development: Implementing smart specialization in Europe (pp. 246–270). Routledge, New York. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429330261